Toynbee theory of decay

2012-04-18 09:47


The British historian Arnold J. Toynbee, in his 12-volume magnum opus A Study of History (1961), theorized that all civilizations pass through several distinct stages: genesis, growth, time of troubles, universal state, and disintegration. (Carroll Quigley would expand on this theory in his The Evolution of Civilizations.)Toynbee argues that the breakdown of civilizations is not [...]


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